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Causes of Bed Sores | Pressure Injuries

Causes of Bed Sores | Pressure Injuries

What Are Bed Sores?

Bed sores are an age old problem.  Bed sores correct name are Pressure Injuries or Pressure Areas.

Bed sores, or Pressure Injuries are defined as this:

Areas of localised damage to the skin and underlying tissue due to pressure, shear or friction *(p419).

Studies that have been conducted to find out how often patients acquire these nasty little bed sores are worryingly high. These studies found that the prevalence of pressure areas for patients who were being cared for in healthcare facilities in several OECD countries ranged between 5% & 26%*.

Between 5% and 26%*.

And that is happening inside healthcare facilities with nursing and aide staff that are trained to manage bed sores and have a range of technological aides to reduce the risk of them developing.

Causes of Bed Sores

Our How To Video covers the below crucial information about what causes pressure injuries so that you can avoid them when caring at home:

The definition of pressure injuries

Grading of pressure injuries

What are the long term impacts that can potentially accompany a pressure injury

Are they preventable?

What positions are best & what positions put your caree at risk

What is the number one principle to follow to prevent a pressure injury

What areas of the body are most at risk

What devices are out in the community that can help to prevent or treat pressure injuries

Who Is Phill And Why Should I Trust His Advice?

Phill needs more than just the splint to help with the concreting

Phill Tsingos is a Registered Nurse.  He’s been nursing for nearly 20 years now.  He has worked all over the world, including Australia and in the UK.  He has had a huge amount of nursing experience in a great many nursing specialities – he is an expert in critical care having worked in intensive cares all over the world as well as emergency departments.  He has also worked with adults and children, even working in a paediatric intensive care for some time.  Phill has not only worked in highly acute clinical settings, but he has also worked in the community in the most rural parts of Australia with our most health-challenged people.

Phill’s breadth of knowledge about caring is vast.  He is also extremely passionate about helping people and making them feel good about where they are in life.  That’s particularly relevant for family caregivers.  Phill currently works in a busy emergency department and sees the pain, burden and overwhelm that family caregivers endure every day, but of course more so when they are in an emergency department.  Phill wants to make them feel better about what a great job they are doing and also by helping them fill the gaps in their knowledge that sometimes those questions are too hard to ask.

If you want to get to know Phill better, then listen to his podcast.  He shares the stories of real family caregivers.  He also interviews experts in the caring field (either in aging or disabilities) so that they can share their insights with family caregivers.  Phill shares tips about a range of things that help family caregivers – like in his regular session with Ronsley Vaz from Bond-Appetit with great food and recipes that are perfect for caregivers and their carees.




Nic Nash-Arnold has been nursing for twenty years. She has nursed thousands of patients, mainly in the operating theatre. Nicole has worked in both public and private hospitals in Queensland. Ten years ago, she left the “coal face” of nursing and moved into a Nurse Educator role and then a series of senior and executive hospital administration roles. Nic has always believed in the empowerment with education. That might be empowering nurses to provide better care or patients to take better care, but education is always the centre of the solution. Google 
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McInnes, E., Jammali-Blasi, A., Cullum, N., Bell-Syer, S. & Dumville, J. (2013).  “Support surfaces for treating pressure injury: A Cochrane systematic review”  International Journal of Nursing Studies. 50: 419-430. 

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